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DWMA: An Energy Hole Reduction Mechanism on RPL for 6LoWPAN

EasyChair Preprint no. 4563

11 pagesDate: November 15, 2020


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is an emerging domain closely related to trending technologies like Data Mining, IoT, AI, Data Science etc. A Multi-hop WSN nodes are usually closer to Base Station necessary to relay traffic from other nodes of the network which makes their energy depleted agile and causes energy holes . This energy hole problem significantly decreases the lifetime of any deployed 6LoWPAN while used with RPLfor Low-Power and Lossy Networks. Meanwhile, energy ingestion among nodes is imbalanced, since each nodes in WSN are non-uniform in distributing data or packets among neighbours. Moreover, in RPL, DODAG Information Solicitation (DIS) messages are passed by the node to link the network. A malware node can abuse this system to send illegitimate DIS messages to the neighbour nodes to perform a DIS flooding attack. To overcome, prominent techniques followed to reduce such glitches are mobile sinks instead of static sinks, extending the transmission range dynamically, and deploying redundant sensor nodes near the base station/sink. The shortcomings in multi-hop WSN nodes are nearer to BS need to relay traffic from other network nodes which creates their energy depleted faster and might leads residual energy very high. This made us to propose an effective mechanism to handle Energy hole problem and routing namely Distributed Wedge Merging in Multi-Hop Access (DWMA). The main objective is to reduce energy holes as well as decreasing the probability of energy holes creation and this DWMA wedge merges with the neighbouring wedge to thwart the energy holes formation by utilising existing routing method. The results obtained clearly shows that balancing of energy consumption among nodes are achieved and DWMA mechanism is better than RPL protocol like PEGASIS, CCS and WEMER. In addition to that, the simulation results  shows that DWMA decreases end to end delay, control overheads and boosts the PDR with network lifespan.

Keyphrases: 6LoWPAN, Base Station, di flooding attack, energy consumption, energy efficient chain based hierarchical routing, Energy hole problem, IoT, LLN, multi-hop access, network lifetime, network topology, Packet Delivery Ratio, RPL, Sensing node, sensor network, Wireless Sensor Network, WSN

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Viswanathan Saravanakumar},
  title = {DWMA: An Energy Hole Reduction Mechanism on RPL for 6LoWPAN},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 4563},

  year = {EasyChair, 2020}}
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